Some of the data pertaining to the house listing operations held prior to the Census of India, 2001, have been released. During these operations in April-May 2000, housing data and data on amenities available to the households were collected using a House list schedule containing 34 questions.
The data collected thus has now been made available as tables in Excel format. The first column of each table contains the table name with which it can be related to other tables. For State level data, two digit State code has also been given.
See, for example,
Census houses and their usage patterns (HTML 122 KB)
The following Excel (.xls) files can also be downloaded here for study of their structure.
H - 1 : CENSUS HOUSES AND THE USES TO WHICH THEY ARE PUT
(Same as above. 39 KB)
H - 2: DISTRIBUTION OF CENSUS HOUSES USED AS RESIDENCE AND RESIDENCE-CUM-OTHER USE BY THEIR CONDITION (38 KB)
The Housing tables give important data that can be used for development reporting. You get reliable information on the type of amenities that the people have or have not. It can also be used to cross check results of Government claims on various developmental activities. For example, Kerala Government has often claimed that majority of its people have piped water supply (79% in urban areas and 58% in rural areas). However, a look at the census table on distribution of house holds with drinking water source will show that the picture is just the opposite.
History of house listing
Up to 1951 Census, only bare data on occupied dwelling unit or residential houses were collected and published, whereas in 1961 elaborate data on residential houses and establishments were brought out. In 1971 Census, separate Housing Report and Tables were published while in the housing report of 1981 Census, the presentation of data was restricted to houses classified by their use. In 1991 Census, a question on the type of fuel used for cooking by the household was canvassed for the first time to assess the impact of fuel consumption patterns on environment and forest resources and reveal the extent to which alternative energy source were being used for domestic needs. Availability of toilet facilities in houses was also collected, both for rural and urban areas as against urban areas alone in 1981.
In the Census of 2001, a new column was added in the House list schedule on the condition of the census house, that is, whether the census house is good, livable or dilapidated. Besides this, information on number of married couples living in the: household and married couples having independent room for sleeping were also collected. In 2000 House list the drinking water sources outside the premises of 1991 Census has been further sub-divided into 'near the premises' and 'away' based on distance. As regards to source of lighting, six sources of lighting were considered in 2000 House-list as against determining only availability or non-availability of' electricity to the household in 1990. A new column on waste water outlet of census house was included in 2000- House list. The facility of bathroom within the census house has also been collected in 2000. Another question on facility of kitchen within the house was also added to the House list of 2001Census. Besides, six new columns were added regarding the availability of assets such as radio/transistor, television, telephone, bicycle, scooter/motorcycle/ moped and car/jeep/van to the household. The questionnaire also probed the use of banking services by the head of the household or a member.